Análisis de la estrategia de sourcing internacional de empresas europeas bajo la teoría de costos de transacción y la visión basada en recursos.

Vivien Sierens, Juan Manuel Tello Contreras

Resumen


El objetivo principal de este artículo es comprobar empíricamente las variables de la teoría de costos de transacción y de la visión basada en recursos que influyen de manera significativa sobre la decisión de internacionalización de procesos productivos. Se estimó una regresión logística con datos de empresas de 15 países europeos, se encontró que un incremento en las barreras legales o administrativas, barreras culturales y preocupaciones de distribución, disminuyen la probabilidad de que las empresas realicen sourcing internacional. En forma contraria, un incremento en aspectos fiscales y aspectos financieros,aumentan la probabilidad de que las empresas realicen sourcing internacional.

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to empirically test the variables of the theory of transaction costs and resource based view that influence on the decision of internationalization of production processes. A logistic regression with data from companies in 15 European countries was estimated, it was found
that an increase in legal or administrative barriers, cultural barriers and concerns of distribution, decrease the likelihood that companies conduct international sourcing. In contrary, an increase in fiscal and financial aspects, increase the likelihood that companies conduct international sourcing.

Palabras clave


Europa, Sourcing Internacional, Regresión Logística, Teoría de Costos de Transacción, Visión Basada en Recursos.

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