Elderly Migrants, Primordial Affinities, and Ethnic Identity

Warren Anderson

Resumen


Este artículo explora una parte del fenómeno de la identidad étnica en el contexto de la migración laboral transnacional: la contribución de viejos cuando ellos y sus familias toman decisiones sobre sus vidas. El autor sugiere que dichas decisiones, aunque aparentemente periférico al centro del fenómeno migratorio, llevan ramificaciones que perduran en la construcción y el mantenimiento de la identidad étnica.

Palabras clave


Migrantes, etnicidad, identidad, trasnacional, mexicanos.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


AGUILERA-GUZMAN, Rosa M., Salgado de Snyder, Nelly and Romero, Martha. 2004. Paternal absence and international migration: Stressors and compensators associated with the mental health of Mexican teenagers of rural origin. Adolescence 39:711-23.

AGUIRRE OCHOA, Jerjes Izcoatl and Infante Jiménez, Zoe. 2006.

ldentificación étnica de los mexicanos en Estados Unidos de

América: Algunos elementos hacia una nueva políltica exterior con la diáspora mexicana. En: CIMEXUS Revista de Investigaciones México-Estados Unidos 1:79-94.

AIROLA, Jim. 2007. The use of remittance income in Mexico. International Migration Review 41:850-59.

________________. 2008. Labor supply in response to remittance income: The case of Mexico. The Journal of Developing Areas; Nashville 41:69.

ALARCÓN, Rafael. 1999. “La integración de los ingenieros y científicos mexicanos en Silicon Valley.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 167-84. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

ANDERSON, Warren D. 1997. Ethnic identity and migration among Mexican wage laborers in Southern Illinois. Doctoral Dissertation: Southern Illinois University.

________________. 1999. “Familias Tarascas en el Sur de Illinois: La reafirmación de la identidad étnica.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas.

Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 145-66. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

________________. 2004. “P’urépecha migration into the U.S. rural Midwest: History and current trends.” In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 355-384. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

ANTMAN, Francisca M. 0. 2007. Migration and the Mexican family: Exploring the consequences for those left behind. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences 68:2560.

ASTUTI, Rita. 1995. “The Vezo are not a kind of people”: Identity, difference and “ethnicity” among a fishing people of Western Madagascar.

American Ethnologist 22: 464-82.

BADE, Bonnie. 2004. “Alive and well: generating alternatives to biomedical health care by Mixtec migrant families in California. In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G.

Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 205-48. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

Elderly Migrants, Pr 32 - CIMEXUS imordial Affinities, and Ethnic identity

BARTH, Fredrik. 1969. Ethnic groups and boundaries: The social organization of culture difference. London: Allen & Unwin.

BEAN, Frank D., Corona V., Rodolfo, Tuiran, Rodolfo, Woodrow-LaField, Karen A. and Van Hook, Jennifer V. W. 2001. Circular, invisible, and ambiguous migrants: Components of difference in estimates of the number of unauthorized Mexican migrants in the United

States. Demography 38:411-22.

BESSERER, Federico. 1999. “Estudios transnacionales y ciudadanía transnacional.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert.

Pp. 215-38. Zamora, Michoacán: El Colegio de Michoacán.

BORGES, Guilherme, Medina-Mora, María E., Breslaue Joshua and Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio. 2007. The effect of migration to the United States on substance use disorders among returned Mexican migrants and Families of migrants. American Journal of Public Health 97: 1847-51.

BOTTINELLI Cardoso, Cristina. 1999. “La pertenencia a dos culturas: Un aprendizaje para la vida.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G.

Mummert. Pp. 375-90. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de

Michoacán.

BOUVIER, Leon F. 1992. Peaceful invasions: Immigration and changing America. Lamham, MD: University Press of America.

BURKE, Garance. 2004. “Yucatecos and Chiapanecos in San Francisco: Mayan immigrants form new communities. In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 343-54. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

CAMPA, Arthur 1990. Immigrant latinos and resident Mexican Americans in Garden City, Kansas: Ethnicity and ethnic relations. Urban Anthropology 19:345-360.

CERRUTTI, Marcela and Massey, Douglas S. 2001. On the auspices of female migration from Mexico to the United States. Demography 38:187-200.

COHEN, Abner. 1974. “The lesson of ethnicity.” In Urban Ethnicity. Edited by Abner Cohen, London: Tavistock.

COHEN, Jeffrey H., Rodríguez, Leila and Fox, Margaret. 2008. Gender and migration in the central valleys of Oaxaca. International Migration 46:79-101.

COHEN, R. 1978. Ethnicity: Problem and focus in anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology 7:379-403.

COMAROFF, John. 1991. Humanity, ethnicity, nationality: Conceptual and comparative perspectives on the USSR. Theory and Society 20:661-687.

COOK, Scott and JOO, Jong-Taick. 1995. Ethnicity and economy in rural Mexico: A critique of the indigenista approach. Latin American Research Review 30:33-59.

Warren Anderson CIMEXUS - 33

DU TOIT, Brian M. 1991. Immigration and ethnicity: The case of Argentina.

International Migration 29:77-87.

DUANY, Jorge. 1989. Ethnic identity and socioeconomic adaptation: The case of Cubans in Puerto Rico. Journal of Ethnic Studies 17:109-127.

DURAND, Jorge, and Martínez Curiel, Enrique. 1999. “Matrimonios mixtos y migraciónMexico-Estados Unidos: Nuevas tendencias.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 437-449.

Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

DURAND, Jorge, and Massey, Douglas S. 2004. Crossing the Border: Research from the Mexican Migration Project. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Publications.

EGIDE, Radina M. 2007. Mexican American siblings caring for aging parents:

processes of caregiver selection/designation. Journal of Comparative Family Studies 38:143-168.

ERIKSEN, Thomas H. 1995. We and us: Two modes of group identification.

Journal of Peace Research 32:427-436.

EVANS-PRITCHARD, E. E. 1940. The Nuer: A description of the modes of livelihood and political institutions of a Nilotic people. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

FEAGANS, Brian. 2008. “Home to a grave.” Atlanta Journal Constitution.

January 26. P. B1. Atlanta, GA.

FELICIANO, Cynthia. 2005. Educational selectivity in U.S. immigration: How do immigrants compare to those left behind? Demography 42:131-152.

FOX, Jonathan and Rivera-Salgado, Gaspar. 2004. “Building Civil Society among Indigenous Migrants.” In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 1-65. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. -Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

FRANK, Reanne and Wildsmith, Elizabeth. 2005. The Grass Widows of Mexico: Migration and union dissolution in a binational context.

Social Forces 83:919-947.

FUSSELL, Elizabeth. 2004. Sources of Mexico’s migration stream: Rural, urban and border migrants to the United States. Social Forces 82:937-967.

FUSSELL, Elizabeth, and Massey, Douglas S. 2004. The Limits to Cumulative Causation: International Migration From Mexican Urban Areas.

Demography 41: 151-171.

GARCÍA García, José 0. 2006. Desarrollo humano y migración en Michoacán.

Revista de Investigaciones México-Estados Unidos 1:39-59.

GARDNER, K. 2002. Death of a migrant: Transnational death rituals and gender among British Sylhetis. Global Networks 2:191-204.

GAUGLER, Joseph E., Kane, Robert L., Kane, Rosalie A., et al. 2006.

Predictors of institutionalization in Latinos with dementia. Journal of cross-cultural gerontology 1:139-155.

Elderly Migrants, Pr 34 - CIMEXUS imordial Affinities, and Ethnic identity

GLANTZ, Namno M. 2007. Formative research on elder health and care in Comitán, Chiapas, Mexico. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. 68:1057.

GOLDRING, Luín. 1999. “El estado mexicano y las organizaciones transmigrantes: Reconfigurando la nación y las relaciones entre estado y sociedad civil?.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G.

Mummert. Pp. 297-316. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de

Michoacán.

GRIESHOP, James I. 2006. The envios of San Pablo Huixtepec, Oaxaca: Food, home, and transnationalism. Human Organization. 65:400-406.

GUTMANN, Matthew C. 1999. “Viajes no utópicos en Gringolandia: Los migrantes mexicanos como pioneros de cambios culturales globales.”

In Fronteras Fragmeneadas. Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 573-584.

Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

GUZMAN, Mark G., Haslag, Joseph H. and Orrenius, Pia M. 2008. On the determinants of optimal border enforcement. Economic theory. 34:261.

HAMANN, Edmundo T. 2006. Pensando en Cynthia y su Hermana: Educational implications of United States-Mexico transnationalism for children. Journal of Latinos and Education. 5:253-274.

HANDLER, Richard and Linnekin, Jocelyn. 1984. Tradition, genuine or spurious. Journal of American Folklore. 97:273-290.

HENKEN, Ted. 2006. Indocumentado en Dixie: Inmigración indígena en el “Nuevo Sur” de la Alabama rural. En CIMEXUS Revista de Investigaciones México-Estados Unidos. 1:141-149.

HERNÁNDEZ León, Rubén. 1999. “ ¡A la Aventura!: Jóvenes, pandillas y migración en la conexión Monterrey-Houston.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 115-143. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

HITLIN, Steven, Brown, J. S. and Elder, Glen H. JR. 2007. Measuring Latinos: Racial vs. ethnic classification and self-understandings. Social Forces.

:587-611.

HUMMER, Robert A., Powers, Daniel A., Pullum, Starling G., Gossmann, Ginger L. and Frisbie, W. P. 2007. Paradox found (again): Infant mortality among the Mexican-origin population in the United States. Demography. 44:441-457.

JACKSON, Jean E. 1995. Culture, genuine and spurious: The politics of indianness in the Vaupes, Colombia. American Ethnologist 22:3-27.

________________. 1989. Is there a way to talk about making culture without making enemies? Dialectal Anthropology. 14:127-144.

Warren Anderson CIMEXUS - 35

JOHNSTON, Paul. 2004. “The Blossoming of transnational citizenship: A California town defends indigenous immigrants.” In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United Slates. Edited by J. F. Fox and G.

Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 385-400. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

KANAJAUPLJNI, Shawn M., Donato, Katharine M., Thompson-Colon, Theresa and Stainback, Melissa. 2005. Counting on kin: Social networks, social support, and child health status. Social Forces.

:1137-1164.

KEARNEY, Michael and Besserer, Federico. 2004. “Oaxacan municipal governance in transnational context.” In indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 449-66. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

LECO Tomás, Casimiro. 2006. Educación binacional: Purhépechas en escuelas bilingües México-Estados Unidos. En CIMEXUS Revista de Investigaciones México-Estados Unidos 1:23-38.

LESTAGE, Françoise. 1999. “Diseñando nuevas identidades: Las uniones matrimoniales entre los migrantes Mixtecos en Tijuana.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 421-135. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

LINDSTROM, David P. and Saucedo, Silvia G. 2002. The short- and longterm effects of U.S. migration experience on Mexican women’s fertility. Social Forces. 80:1341-1368.

LÓPEZ Castro, Gustavo. 1999. “La educación en la experiencia migratoria en niños migrantes.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G.

Mummert. Pp. 359-374. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de

Michoacán.

_________________. 2006. Niños, niñas y adolescentes en la migración internacional Michoacana: Menores deportados. Revista de investigaciones México-Estados Unidos. 1:125-140.

MACHLEDT, David E. 2007. Moving risk: Tuberculosis, migration and the scope of public health at the United States-Mexico border.

Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences 68:2030.

MALDONADO, Centolia and Artia Rodríguez, Patricia. 2004. “Now we are awake”: Women’s political participation in the Oaxacan Indigenous Binational Front.” In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado, pp. 495-5 10. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

Elderly Migrants, Pr 36 - CIMEXUS imordial Affinities, and Ethnic identity

MALKIN, Victoria. 1999. “La reproducción de relaciones de género en la comunidad de migrantes mexicanos en New Rochelle, Nueva York.”

In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 475-496.

Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

MARCELLI, Enrico A. and Cornelius, Wayne A. 2001. The changing profile of Mexican migrants to the United States: New evidence from California and Mexico. Latin American Research Review. 36:105-131.

MARKIDES, Kyriakos S. and Eschbach, Karl. 2005. Aging, migration, and mortality: Current status of research on the Hispanic paradox.

Journals of Gerontology. Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 60B:1079-5014.

MASSEY, Douglas S., Zenteno, Rene M. and Durand, Jorge. 2001. Mexican immigration to the United States: Continuities and changes. Latin American Research Review. 36:107-127.

MASUOKA, Natalie. 2008. Defining the group: Latino identity and political participation. American Politics Research. 36:33-61.

MAZZUCATO, Valentina, Kabki, Mirjam, and Smith, Lothat. 2006.

Transnational migration and the economy of funerals: Changing practices in Ghana. Development and Change 37:1047-1072.

MCDONALD, James H. 2005. The narcoeconomy and small-town, rural Mexico. Human Organization 64:115-125.

MCGUIRE, Sharon. 2006. Agency, initiative, and obstacles to health among indigenous immigrant women from Oaxaca, Mexico. Home Health Care Management & Practice. 18:370-377.

MUMMERT, Gail. I 999. “Fronteras fragmentadas, identidades multiples.”

In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert. Pp. 11-19.

Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

MUTCHLER, Jan E., Bacigalupe, Gonzalo, and Coppine, Antonia, et al.

Language barriers surrounding medication use among older Latinos. Journal of cross-cultural gerontology 22:101-114.

O’BRIEN, Jay. 1986. Toward a reconstitution of ethnicity: Capitalist expansion and cultural dynamics in Sudan. American Anthropologist. 88:898-907.

OCHOA Serrano, Álvaro. 1999. “El Mariache como partícula de identidad en el Norte.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert, pp. 545-555. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

ORGANISTA, Kurt C. 2006. An exploratory study of HIV prevention with Mexican/Latino migrant day laborers. Journal of HI V/AIDS & Social Services. 5:89-114.

PETRON, Mary A. 2008. Negotiating borders with Valores del Rancho. Latin American Perspectives. 35:104-119.

Warren Anderson CIMEXUS - 37

PORTER, Eduardo. 2007. “In Journey Home to Mexico Grave, An Industry Arises.” The New York Times. P. A11. New York, NY: New York Times Company.

ROBLES Camacho, Sergio. 2004. “Migration and return in the Sierra Juárez.”

In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F.

Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 467-482. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative

Immigration Studies, UCSD.

RODRIGUEZ, Mariangela. 1999. “Formas de expresión de una comunidad transnacional: Cinco de Mayo mexicano y chicano en Los Angeles, California.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Edited by G. Mummert.

Pp. 239-262. Zamora, Michoacán: Colegio de Michoacán.

ROSEN, Fred. 2005. From Mexico to New York labor joins the struggle.

NACLA Report on the Americas. 38:8-11.

RUBALCAVA, Luís N., Teruel, Graciela M., Thomas, Duncan and Goldman, Noreen. 2008. The healthy migrant effect: New findings from the Mexican Family Life Survey. American Journal of Public Health.

:78-84.

SANTIAGO Márquez, Gustavo; López, Filemón; Cruz, Yolanda; García, Ulises; Delgado P., Guillermo and Ricardez, Alejandrina. 2004.

“Cross-border indigenous organizations: Lessons from the past, challenges for the future.” In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 81-98. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

SHILS, E. 1957. Primordial, personal, sacred and civil ties. British Journal of Sociology 8:130-145.

SPICER, Edward. 1971. Persistent identity systems. Science 4011:795-800.

TRIPTI, Lahiri. 2003. “In death, homeward bound,” The New York Times. P.

B1. New York: The New York Times Corporation.

TUCKER, Catherine M., McConnell, Eileen D., and Vanwey, Leah K. 2005.

Community organization, migration, and remittances in Oaxaca.

Latin American Research Review. 40:83-107.

VAN HOOK, Jennifer and Glick, Jennifer E. 2007. Immigration and living arrangements: Moving beyond economic need versus acculturation.

Demography. 44:225-249.

VELASCO Ortíz, Laura. 2004. “Organizational experiences and female participation among indigenous Oaxaqueños in Baja California.”

In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F.

Fox and 0. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 101-124. La Jolla, CA: Center for

U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative

Immigration Studies, UCSD.

Elderly Migrants, Pr 38 - CIMEXUS imordial Affinities, and Ethnic identity

VELÁSQUEZ C., Maria C. 2004. “Migrant communities, gender, and political power in Oaxaca.” In Indigenous Mexican Migrants in the United States. Edited by J. F. Fox and G. Rivera-Salgado. Pp. 483-494. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S. - Mexican Studies, UCSD and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.

VITE Perez, Miguel A. 2006. La criminalización de la inmigración. Revista de investigaciones México-Estados Unidos. 1:95-110.

VITTORI, Jodi. 2007. The gang’s all here: The globalization of gang activity.

Journal of Gang Research 14:6-39.

WEBER, Max. 1947. “Ethnic groups.” In Theories of society. Edited by T.

Parsons. Pp. 305-309. New York: The Free Press.

ZARRUGH, Laura. 2008. The latinization of the Central Shenandoah Valley.

International Migration. 46:19-58.

ZUNIGA, Victor and Hernández-León, Rubén. 2006. New Destinations: Mexican immigration in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Publications.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales. Av. Francisco J. Mujica, Ciudad Universitaria, Morelia, Michoacán, México, C.P. 58030. Todos los derechos reservados 2013. Esta revista puede ser reproducida con fines no lucrativos, siempre y cuando se cite la fuente completa y su dirección electrónica. De otra forma requiere permiso previo por escrito de la institución y autor.